OILSEED PREPARATION

Turn-key basis contract...

OILSEED PREPARATION

HUM Oilseed Preparation Process provides fast and effective operation of mechanical and solvent extraction methods in the HUM Pressing or HUM Extraction units, which is the next step of cleaning the seed from foreign materials.

Oilseed Preparation consists of the following process steps:

  • HUM Cleaning is the process of separating foreign materials such as dust, metal and stone with aspiration process from oilseed.

  • HUM Dehulling is the process of removing the hull skin from the seed to increase the amount of protein in the degreased cake.

  • HUM Conditioning Vertical Seed Conditioner, to heat and dry the seed slowly and efficiently, serving it to be conditioned properly for further processing.

  • HUM Cracking, to reduce the particle size of the seeds

  • HUM Flaking, to rupture the cell structure of the broken seeds

  • HUM Cooking, to reduce the viscosity of the oil and adjust the moisture content

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DEHULLING

HUM

The first step in processing seeds is to properly prepare the seeds for dehulling. This step typically involves using magnets to remove metal and screening to remove impurities that can interfere with the dehulling process.

Next, hulls are moved to both increase the protein content of the final meal product and also to improve the efficiency of the solvent extraction process. The dehulling of the seeds is part of the extraction process, previous to the extraction by mechanical pressing with the objective of improving the final quality of the meal.

HUM Hot Dehulling Processing After the oilseed passes through the jet dryer, conditioning is performed in the HUM Vertical Seed Conditioner, which can both dry and condition, so that the hulls that are tightly attached to the seed are prepared for easy separation during removal. Then the oilseed is crushed in HUM Crushers; the hull is removed in Cascade Hull Separators and in the last process, fine dust and fugitive small oil seed particles are taken in the Hull Control Screen.

HUM Warm Dehulling Processing Uses HUM Vertical Seed Conditioner. HUM Vertical Seed Conditioner provides all of the drying, conditioning and heating of the untreated soybean seed. Conditioned seed is broken in HUM Crushers; on the other hand, the shell is removed in Cascade Hull Separators and in the last process, fine dust and fugitive small seed particles are taken in the Hull Control Screen.

HUM Cold Dehulling Processing Since there is no drying in this process, it should be used in low moisture seeds. The seed is broken in HUM Crushers; on the other hand, the hull is removed in Cascade Hull Separators and in the last process, fine dust and fugitive small seed particles are taken in the Hull Control Screen.

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CONDITIONING

When preparing seeds for extraction, the seed is needed heating and drying to the correct temperature and moisture. The HUM Vertical Seed Conditioner and Stack Type conditioner are engineered to heat and dry the seed slowly and efficiently, serving it to be conditioned properly for further processing. The residence time is very important when determining the temperature and moisture removal of the seed. As the seed rate is increased or decreased, the quantity of heating sections can be changed to control the effective residence time.

HUM VERTICAL SEED CONDITIONER

HUM

THE PROPERTIES THAT MAKE HUM CONDITIONER EXCLUSIVE;

  • By adding sections, capacity can be increased,

  • First in first out design,

  • Stainless steel Oval tubes increase heat transfer area

  • Using low pressure steam

  • Up to 3 % drying with aspiration system,

  • Low power consumption,

  • Easy maintenance for all tubes with removable covers,

  • Inspection covers to check seed flow during operation,

  • Pressure test and penetrant-radiographic-ultrasound welding tests of the steam pipes of the conditioner in accordance with the pressure vessels regulation.

  • CE certificate obtained from accredited organizations.

Type HVSC 30 HVSC 50 HVSC 75 HVSC 100 HVSC 150 HVSC 200
Capacity (t/24h) 300 500 750 1000 1500 2000
Stage 6 6 6 5 6 8
Pipe Length (mm) 1500 2000 2500 3300 3300 3300
Main Motor (kw) 1,5 1,5 2,2 4 5,5 5,5
Overall Dimensions (mm) 12000x2200x2550 12000x2800x3150 12000x3200x3550 11000x4100x4400 11000x4100x4400 14600x4100x4400

CRUSHING

CRUSHING is the process of breaking up the seed in order to obtain a high protein and to separate the shell and core from each other. Separating the shell and inner particle of the oil seed is very important in terms of oil productivity and quality. If there is no good crushing and dehulling, the oil remaining in the shell during pressing cannot be recovered. The solvent used during the extraction process decreases the quality of the oil while dissolving the fragrant, coloring agents and adhesive substances in the shell. During the crushing process, the seed should only be crushed, not pulverized. Fine seed particles in the form of highly crushed powder are stored in the shells and cause an increase in the amount of oil in the shell.

HUM CRUSHER

HUM

HUM Crushing for the oilseed breaking (6-8 pieces) during the HUM Oil Seed Preparation Process, previous to the HUM Flakers, in order to improve the quality and capacity of the flaking.

CRUSHER Single Stage * Double Stage **
TYPE KS 313 KS 416 KS 421 KD 313 KD 416 KD 421
Capacity (Ton/24 hours) 500 1000 1250 500 1000 1250
Roll Quantity 2 2 2 2 x 2 2 x 2 2 x 2
Roll Dimensions (mm) 300 x 1300 400 x 1600 400 x 2100 300 x 1300 400 x 1600 400 x 2100
Main Motor Power (kW) 30 37,5 45 2 x 30 2 x 37,5 2 x 45
Weight (kg) 4.130 6.350 7.350 6.845 10.500 12.000
Length-Width-Height (mm) 2430 x 1800 x 1780 2800 x 1900 x 1850 3300 x 1900 x 1850 2530 x 1850 x 2400 2900 x 1900 x 2500 3400 x 1900 x 2500

*Recommend for soybean Warm Dehulling (HWDP) first stage crushing; then soybean will go through KD type crushers for second stage crushing.

** Recommended for Soybean Cold Dehulling Process

The HUM CRUSHER, a product of advanced technology;

  • Has ease of use and maximum safety

  • Has long lifetime with low operational cost

  • Has lower maintenance and maintenance cost

  • The rollers in HUM Crushers could be removed and assembled in one direction therefore the machines can be installed beside walls and because motors are on the machine, space is saved in the plant.

  • There are leading plates ensuring entry of seed between rollers and there are side plates preventing escape of seed to shaft bearings.

  • Amount of the material fed to the rollers is adjusted by level control mechanism.

  • A newly developed screw jack system that makes it easy to adjust the gap between rolls and equally brings the rolls together.

  • Two screws operating in reverse directions in the feeding bunker where the seeds are fed to the rollers ensure continuous circulation of seeds and prevent jamming. Also it provides feeding of seeds along the entire roller.

  • Roller bearings of the rollers have long life time and mounted on synthetic materials with anti-abrasive property. Bearings allow single direction thermal elongation and shrinkage.

  • Product sample could be easily taken through a special window at bottom and front.

These are the properties that make HUM CRUSHING exclusive.

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FLAKING

FLAKING operation is crushing the kernel into thin flakes after dehulling. Because the oil of the oil seeds is within small cells, weakening and breaking of these cells is important in oil extraction. By flaking the area of leaking out of oil is increased and the resistance of the cell against oil extraction is minimized. The distance, which the oil travels after leaving the cell, is shortened and bursting of cells during pressing becomes simpler. During flaking the pieces must have broad surfaces as much as possible. As the flake thickness increases, the amount of oil remaining in the extraction cake is increased. Oil amount in the cake can be adjusted by obtaining the required oil thickness, by adjusting the distance between the balls of the rollers used for flaking

FLAKER

HUM

HUM Flaking is designed to turn the broken oilseeds into thins flakes (from 0,25 to max. 0,35 mm) for the subsequent oil extraction through Oil Pressing or Extraction.

Easy adjustment of roll gap with hydraulic unit. Thin flakes for every kind of oilseeds. Long operating life of bearings. Robust monoblock frame. New design feeder with magnet separator and observation points. Special openings on both sides for sampling. With the best automation systems, everything is under your control.

FLAKER
Type FS 610 FS 613 FS 816 FS 821
Capacity (Ton/24hrs) * 100 200 350 500
Roll Dimensions (mm) 600 x 1000 600 x 1300 800 x 1600 800 x 2100
Main Motor Power (kW) 2 x 30 2 x 37,5 2 x 55 2 x 75
Weight (kg) 9.850 10.700 20.350 29.300
Lenght-Width-Height (mm) 2100 x 2095 x 2350 2100 x 2400 x 2400 3030 x 2700 x 2520 3850 x 2850 x 2700

* Capacities are based on soybean with 0.30 mm flake thickness, and may differ with cracking process quality.

The HUM FLAKER, a product of advanced technology;

  • Has ease of use and maximum safety

  • Has long lifetime with low operational cost

  • Has lower maintenance and maintenance cost

  • Hydraulic pistons with limiter that can prevent the rolls from touching each other and can adjust the roller gap with easiness.

  • The rollers in HUM rollers could be removed and assembled in one direction therefore the machines can be installed beside walls and because motors are on the machine, space is saved in the plant.

  • There are leading plates ensuring entry of seed between rollers and there are side plates preventing escape of seed to shaft bearings.

  • There is a safe hydraulic unit, comprised of two-way hydraulic piston and valves for the passage of a large piece without giving any damage. The hydraulic unit does not carry the entire load for the sake of having longer lifetime. There is also a mechanical device in the unit as security.

  • Two screws operating in reverse directions in the feeding bunker where the seeds are fed to the rollers ensure continuous circulation of seeds and prevent jamming. Also it provides feeding of seeds along the entire roller.

  • Scrapers guarantee that roller surfaces are kept perfectly clean during operation.

  • Roller bearings of the rollers have long life time and mounted on synthetic materials with anti-abrasive property. Bearings allow single direction thermal elongation and shrinkage.

  • Product sample could be easily taken through a special window at bottom and front.

  • The temperature of the main bearing is controlled by heat transmitters.

These are the properties that make HUM ROLLER exclusive.

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STORAGE AND CONVEYING SYSTEMS

  • Horizontal and Vertical Screw Conveyors

  • Bucket Elevators

  • Chain Conveyors, inclined type with drop forged chain, gas-proof design for solvent extraction plant

  • Silos for seed and cake with automatic conveying system, air ventilation and thermo control.

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